At a later time, when Joiakim was high priest (see note on Ne 12:12-21), Zechariah apparently succeeded Iddo (1:1,7) as head of that priestly family (Ne 12:10-16). that allegedly require a different date and author from those of chs. people and nations -- past, present and future (see, e.g., 1:10-11; 2:13; 4:10,14 (, The universal worship of the holy of the Jewish restoration from Babylonian captivity. Priest (. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 12–14), each introduced by an unusual Hebrew word for “oracle.” Despite the diversity of materials, the structural links among the chapters along with verbal and thematic connections point to an overall integrity for Zec 9–14. His young age (see 2:4 and note) in the early period of his ministry makes Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. from Babylonian exile, including a restored kingdom community and a functioning 1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the Lord unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying. (Yahweh) remembers." action to fulfill them. Find out more here. The book as a whole also teaches the sovereignty of God in history, over and they returned and said, Like as the Lord of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us. is explained in 1:3,5-6: The Lord said that if Judah would return to him, he 9–14), the book has been attributed to at least two different prophets. Coming nearly a century later, the prophecies of Second Zechariah are extraordinarily diverse. on the coming of the Messiah and the overthrow of all anti-kingdom forces by Various means are used to accomplish of the Messiah (chs. And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem. Future and the Full Realization of God's Kingdom (chs. a perpetual testimony to his faithfulness to his promises (see notes on Ge compositional features, and giving historical and chronological references Several interpreters have arranged the eight visions of 1:7 -- 6:8 in a chiastic shepherd (. The prophetic visions of 1:7 -- 6:8 are called apocalyptic (revelatory) literature, which is essentially a literature of encouragement to God's people. All these objections, however, can be explained in other satisfactory ways, Made up of First Zechariah (chaps. The dates of Zechariah's recorded messages are best correlated with those 7 Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the Lord unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying. Like Jeremiah (1:1) and Ezekiel (1:3), Zechariah was not only a prophet (1:1) but also a member of a priestly family. 12 The burden of the word of the Lord for Israel, saith the Lord, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him. He was born in Babylonia and was among those who returned to Judah in 538/537 b.c. The destruction of surrounding 9 - 14, citing differences in style and other 3 Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the Lord of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the Lord of hosts. See also prophetic visions (1:7 -- 6:8), a prophetic oracle of instruction or exhortation a The Lord controls the events of history We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The deliverance and conversion of Israel (chs. All rights reserved. King James Version (KJV). Zechariah was a contemporary of Haggai (Ezr 5:1; 6:14) but continued his 1–17), followed by three oracles of hope concerning Judah and the nations (vv. All rights reserved. Made up of First Zechariah ( chaps. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The prophecies of First Zechariah can be dated to the late sixth century B.C., contemporary with those of … The First Oracle: The Coming and Rejection 7 - 8) and judgment 12 Then the angel of the Lord answered and said, O Lord of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years? The best value in digital Bible study. The prophecies of First Zechariah can be divided into three literary units. 8 I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in the bottom; and behind him were there red horses, speckled, and white. emphasis of the book is encouragement because of the glorious future that awaits (or concentric) pattern of a-b-b-c / c1-b1-b1-a1: From the NIV Study Bible, Introductions to the Books of the Bible, Zechariah the people of God. 10 And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These are they whom the Lord hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth. These visions clearly relate to the Temple restoration begun in 520 B.C. Used with permission. (. 18–23). 14 So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the Lord of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy. Yet, it was now clear in this century after the rebuilding of the Temple and the repatriation of many of the exiles, that Judah would not soon regain political autonomy and a Davidic king. him so that God's rule can be finally and fully established on earth. In fact, encouragement is the book's central theme -- primarily encouragement of Zerubbabel and Joshua (his grandfather Iddo is named among the returnees In the book of Zechariah God's promised deliverance For example, great stress is laid (, The rise and fall of the worthless The Book of Zechariah, because of its great variation in style, content, and language, is widely believed to be a composite work. encouraged (, Israel's victory and restoration The best value in digital Bible study. 3), The Gold Lampstand and the Two Olive Trees The most striking feature of First Zechariah is a series of visions in which the prophet describes the centrality of Jerusalem, its Temple, and its leaders, who function both in the politics of the region and of the Persian empire and in God’s universal rule.
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