They crossed the Atlantic Ocean by ship and settled in Puebla de Los Angeles, Mexico. These traders took woolen goods from New Mexico to the West Coast and brought back mules and horses, during the years 1829 to 1848. The Old Spanish Trail extended for 1,200 miles from two trailheads. It also mentions the baptism of his Father, Gregorio de Jesus April 8, 1806 in Santa Cruz de La Canada, New Mexico as well as the marriage of Chonito’s grandparents Miguel Atencio & Maria Juana Manuela Martin on April 15, 1798, in Santa Cruz de La Canada, New Mexico, Juan de Jesus Teofilo Pena and Maria Anastasia Baca, Antonio Maria “Chonito” Atencio & Concepcion Martinez 1922 at La Placita. Antonio Armijo, a Mexican merchant and trader, led 60 men and 100 mules across the wide expanse of the Colorado Plateau and forged a route through the Mojave Desert on his way into Southern California. After Mexico became independent from Spanish rule in 1821, trade flourished between the eastern part of the United States and the vast western territory. Many genízaros (American Indians brought to New Mexico as captives but eventually assimilated into New Mexican society) used the Old Spanish trail to emigrate to Alta California. From Sonora, [Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de] Anza had led a party to California in 1774 and another in 1775-76. Copyright © 2006–2020, Some rights reserved. . Where did person settle: Chonito lived the rest of his life in Agua Mansa and then La Placita, North Orange Street, Riverside, California. Below are a few examples and questions to get you thinking about potential research projects. • George Brewerton, Overland with Kit Carson in ’48 • Father Escalante’s journal (suggest numbered pages 39-40 or 43-49 for descriptions of interactions with American Indians) Some of these colonists had already spent years trading and traveling along the trail. Excerpt: The origins of Hopi weaving extend deep in time. Author(s): Southwest Crossroads Spotlight. Networks of trails developed as explorers, traders and settlers attempted to find safe passage through the treacherous, dry, and scorching hot interior lands. How/why might they have communicated with one another? Together they persisted and had 13 children, all born and raised in San Salvador —Agua Mansa and La Placita de Los Trujillos — in present-day Colton/ Riverside area. What do agreements like these communicate about life as a genízaro? old spanish trail, historic trails, historical trails, United States, Dominequez Escalante, Armijo, Santa Fe, New Mexico, Colorado, trails in Colorado, biking trails Do you have questions or comments about the Old Spanish Trail – or our Horses, woolen goods, and even enslaved American Indians moved along the Old Spanish Trail, 5. The Old Spanish Trail Association is the main independent partner of the Old Spanish Trail, working with the National Park Service and Bureau of Land Management. The Mexican traders werenât the only ones on the trail. The trail’s routes allowed for much cultural interaction as peoples of different backgrounds showed interest in the various possibilities the new route provided. Today these designated National Historic Trails, their stunning landmarks and faint traces, their many stories and the lessons those stories reveal are readily available for you. Over the next two decades, Mexican and American traders developed variants of the route that Armijo pioneered, creating the multiple branches that make up the trail today. Publisher: SAR Press, School for Advanced Research, Publisher: School for Advanced Research Archives, Keywords: 1700s; 1800s; Abiquiu; Americans; April; Arizona; Atlantic; blankets; boys; buys; California; captives; caravans; children; clothing; Colorado; Colorado River; continents; deserts; entrepreneurs; Europeans; explorers; girls; Grand Canyon; herds; hispanics; history; horses; Indians; indigenous people; journeys; languages; Los Angeles; Los Angeles Times; Mexican War, The; Mexico; miles; missionaries; months; Mormons; mules; networks; Nevada; New Mexico; October; Old Santa Fe Trail; Old Spanish Trail; Pacific Coast; Paiutes; paths; people; plateaus; ranchers; regions; Rio Grande; rivers; Salt Lake City; Santa Fe; sells; serapes; servants; settlements; settlers; sheep; slaves; snow; Southwest; Southwest Crossroads Spotlight; Spain; Spanish; Spanish-American; spring; surpluses; Taos; thousands; trade; traders; traditions; trails; trappers; travelers; United States; US Army; US-Mexican War; Utah; Utes; villages; walks; weaving; white men; winter; workers, Keywords: Albuquerque; Arizona; Arkansas River; Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad; Brazos River; Butterfield Trail; California; Canadian River; Cimarron River; Colorado; Colorado River; deserts; Dodge City; drawing; El Camino Real/Chihuahua Trail; El Paso; Fort Belknap; Fort Union; Gila River; Goodnight and Loving Trail; Gulf of California; Gulf of Mexico; JuÃ¡rez; Kansas; Kiowas; Little Colorado River; Llano Estacado; maps; Mexico; migration; Mojave; Mount Taylor; Nevada; New Mexico; Oklahoma; Old Spanish Trail; Pacific Ocean; paths; plains; plateaus; Reade, Deborah; Rio Grande; Rio Pecos; Rio Sonora; Route 66; routes; San Antonio; San Francisco Peaks; Santa Fe; Santa Fe Trail; Sierra Madre; Southwest; Taos; Texas; trade; trails; United States; Utah, Title(s): Declaration of Status; Don Juan de OÃ±ate, Colonizer of New Mexico, 1595-1628, Author(s): Spanning almost 2700 miles, it is known as the large-scale, deformed route that journeys through six states, namely New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Nevada and California. Traveler: Antonio Maria “Chonito” Atencio (1835-1923), When and Where: In 1845 or 1846, Antonio Maria traveled with his father, mother and sister plus other Atencio relatives from Abiquiu, New Mexico to San Bernardino Valley, Alta California, Submitted by: Leonard F. Trujillo, Los Angeles, California. Chonito’s first daughter, Maria de la Luz Atencio, (1862-1950) and Fernando Trujillo (1850-1908) are my great grandparents. The Old Spanish Trail connected New Mexico to Los Angeles, 2. It is in Chama in Rio Arriba County New Mexico, Antonio Armijo Pioneered trade along the Old Spanish Trail. The Old Spanish Trail ran through desert floors and plateaus and followed river tributaries through the present-day states of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California. But the route was far from satisfactory. Relationship: William Workman was my 1 st cousin, 5 x removed. Yet despite the Spanish desire to link two of their northern outposts, it would not be until the Mexican period that the Old Spanish Trail would come to fruition. Along these trails, people carried trade goods, including slaves. We Traveled a Part of the Old Spanish Trail (In Reverse) Posted in Mike's posts tagged Arches NP, California, Los Angeles, Moab, New Mexico, Old Spanish NHT, Santa Fe, Utah at 12:36 am by Mike Mitchell At the site . As early as the mid-1700’s, Spanish explorers made amicable contact with native tribes and were guided along these paths as European trapping and trading increased in the area. The first expeditions had been by water. Leaving on November 7, 1829 Armijo's expedition traveled a route northwest and west of Santa Fe from Abiquiu, following the Chama River and the Puerco River, and he crossed to the amazing San Juan River basin. Gregorio de Jesus died by 1848 and his widow married Jose de Jesus Martinez on June 29, 1848, recorded at the Plaza Church in Los Angeles. diaries, letters, etc.) The Old Spanish Trail developed during this period as westerners sought a way to connect the burgeoning trading post at Santa Fe to the riches of Los Angeles and southern California. After Mexico became independent from Spanish rule in 1821, trade flourished between the eastern part of the United States and the vast western territory. The Old Spanish Trail crossed the homelands of many American Indian nations. Southwest Crossroads Spotlight. 1. The trail also provided landlocked New Mexico with access to more foreign markets via the Pacific Ocean; it also provided a way for mail to travel back and forth between California and New Mexico. 4. The Domínguez–Escalante expedition was a Spanish journey of exploration conducted in 1776 by two Franciscan priests, Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre Vélez de Escalante, to find an overland route from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to their Roman Catholic mission in Monterey, on the coast of modern day central California. These valued stock animals commanded premium prices in New Mexico and on the western frontier of the United States. The trail is part of the National Trails System managed by the National Park Service. Today, remnant traces of the trail remain where visitors can witness evidence of the route’s important impact on the West. 3. The Armijo Route of the Old Spanish Trail was established by an expedition led by Antonio Armijo in 1829–1830. Title(s): Muster Roll; Majestic Journey: Coronadoâs Inland Empire. The Old Spanish Trail became one of many east-west routes. New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, California. This historical marker was erected by Old Spanish Trail Association and La Boca Restaurant. Mules loaded with goods had to scramble up narrow paths, swim across creeks, and at times drag their handlers across roaring rivers. The plaza is a National Historic Landmark listed in the National Register of Historic Places. “Urged on by the Russian advance down the Pacific coast, Spain had colonized Alta California. Networks of trails developed as explorers, traders and settlers attempted to find safe passage through the treacherous, … Over its years of use, it followed several different routes through New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and Southern California. Those taking the southern fork started at Abiquiu, the last European settlement east of Santa Fe. Interest in finding a passage increased after the 1821 establishment of the Santa Fe Trail, which successfully connected the eastern United States with the New Mexico trading hub at Santa Fe. Courtesy of the National Park Service. Today, the National Park Service and the Bureau of Land Management jointly manage the Old Spanish National Historic Trail. The Atencio family can be traced to Brihuega, Toledo Castilla Spain to about the year 1585. Description: A brief history of weaving among the Hopi. Your interest: I wanted to learn more about the large Atencio family in New Mexico. At one time, Paiute boys brought in $100 and girls $150 to $200. Long before the explorers and missionaries from Spain worked their way up from Old Mexico into Alta California and Nuevo Mexico, Native Americans living in this region knew their way around. In 1829-30, Antonio Armijo traveled from Abiquiú to California to trade for mules, thus extending the Old Spanish Trail and opening it to trade between Santa Fe and Los Angeles. From the San Juan they entered the Four Corners area, passed north of the Carrizo Mountains to Church Rock,and to the Colorado River(then called the Rio Grande), where the travelers ford… Around 1845 or 1846, Antonio Maria came over the Old Spanish Trail. Those taking the northern fork west began at Taos. Copyright © 2006–2020, Some rights reserved. Less well known today than the Old Santa Fe Trail, the Old Spanish Trail was a dynamic feature of the early days in the Spanish American Southwest.